Thought Field Therapy Articles & Research

  • Psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents after man-made and natural disasters: a meta-analysis and systematic review R. C. Brown, A. Witt, J. M. Fegert, F. Keller, M. Rassenhofer and P. L. Plener. Reprint of article published in Psychological Medicine (2017), 47, 1893–1905. doi:10.1017/S0033291717000496 | Download PDF
  • Thought Field Therapy Efficacy Following Large Scale Traumatic Events Ann L. Dunnewold. Current Research in Psychology 5 (1): 34-39, 2014 | ISSN: 1949-0178 | ©2014 Science Publication doi:10.3844/crpsp.2014.34.39 Published Online 5 (1) 2014 ( | Download PDF
  • Acupoint Stimulation in Treating Psychological Disorders: Evidence of Efficacy David Feinstein, Ph.D. Reprint of article published in Review of General Psychology, 16, 364-380. doi:10.1037/a0028602 | Download PDF
  • Treatment of PTSD in Rwandan Child Genocide Survivors Using Thought Field Therapy Reprint of article published in Winter 2010 edition of International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 12(1), 41-50. Caroline Sakai, Ph.D.Suzanne M. Connolly, L.C.S.W., Paul Oas, Ph.D. | View Article | Download PDF
  • Brief Trauma Intervention with Rwandan Genocide-Survivors Using Thought Field Therapy Published in International Journal of Emergency Mental Health abstract, 13 (3), 161-172. Connolly, S. & Sakai, C. | View Article
  • Utilizing community resources to treat PTSD: A randomized controlled study using Thought Field Therapy Published in African Journal of Traumatic Stress, 3(1), 24-32. Connolly, S.M., Roe-Sepowitz, D., Sakai, C.E., & Edwards, J. (2013)| Download PDF
  • Thought Field Therapy Clinical Applications: Utilization HMO in Behavioral Health Service Caroline Sakai, Ph.D. Reprint of Journal of Clinical Psychology October 2001 article (special edition) | View Article | Download PDF
  • Completeness of Treatment with TFT (Thought Field Therapy) Caroline Sakai, Ph.D.| View Article | Download PDF
  • Tapping Away the World’s Trauma (Interview with Caroline Sakai by Michiko Ishikawa) | View Article | Download PDF

Thought Field Therapy Clinical Applications

Utilization in an HMO in Behavioral Medicine and Behavioral Health Services

  • Caroline Sakai, Ph.D.
  • David Paperny, M.D.
  • Marvin Mathews, M.D.
  • Greg Tanida, M.S.W.
  • Geri Boyd, M.S.W.
  • Alan Simons, M.S., APRN-Rx
  • Charlene Yamamoto, M.S.W.
  • Carolyn Mau, M.S., APRN-Rx
  • Lynn Nutter, M.A.

Kaiser Behavioral Medicine and Behavioral Health Services Honolulu, Hawaii

This is a preprint of the article published in a special issue* of Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57(10), pp.1215-1227 in October 2001, without peer review but with an invited critical review by Jeffrey M. Lohr, pp.1229-1235.


Thought Field Therapy (TFT) is a self-administered treatment developed by psychologist Roger Callahan. TFT uses energy meridian treatment points and bilateral optical-cortical stimulation while focusing on the targeted symptoms or problem being addressed. The clinical applications of TFT summarized included anxiety; adjustment disorder with anxiety and depression; anxiety due to medical condition; anger; acute stress; bereavement; chronic pain; cravings; depression; fatigue; nausea; neurodermatitis; obsessive traits; panic disorder without agoraphobia; parent-child stress; phobia; post-traumatic stress disorder; relationship stress; trichotillomania; tremor; and work stress. This uncontrolled study reports on changes in self-reported subjective units of distress (SUD) in 1594 applications of TFT, treating 714 patients. Paired t-tests of pre- and post-treatment SUD were statistically significant in 31 categories reviewed. These within-session decreases of SUD are preliminary data that call for controlled studies to examine validity, reliability, and maintenance of effects over time. Illustrative case and heart rate variability data are presented.

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